Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure

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A major 5,500-year-old Neolithic ceremonial gathering place known as a causewayed enclosure has been partially uncovered at Riding Court Farm, as part of CEMEX UK’s archaeological programme which is monitored by Berkshire Archaeology.

Such sites, defined by encircling bank and ditch segments with gap entrances, represent some of the earliest-known acts of monument building in Britain. It’s thought that the Riding Court enclosure may have been seasonally occupied, a place where communities gathered to undertake ceremonial feasting, exchange of goods, the marking of festivals and social obligations.

The Wessex Archaeology website quotes fieldwork director, John Powell, who said: “The discovery of, and chance to excavate, an early Neolithic causewayed enclosure is incredibly rare.

Credit: Wessex Archaeology
Photographs of Riding Court site from Wessex Archaeology

“Although we have only uncovered part of the site so far, the monument appears to be an oval shape with a projected perimeter of 500 metres. Currently 265 metres of the enclosure’s arc – some 12 ditch segments – have been traced, with the remainder due to be uncovered throughout 2018. Towards the base of the ditches, small concentrations of animal bone, pottery and worked flint have been found and probably relate to the activities that took place within the enclosure. The finds include finely-worked flint arrowheads, knives and serrated blades, decorated pottery sherds and in one segment part of a human skull. A sparse scatter of internal features included a pit that contained a finely-ground flint axe.”

John Powell gave a fascinating presentation about this project at the 2019 AGM. You can read more on the Wessex Archaeology website, or watch a video about the discovery on YouTube.

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