Hercules was born in 1895 in Cork, Ireland. He was the son of the Rt. Hon. Sir Hercules Arthur Temple Robinson (1866-1933), 2nd Baron Rosmead, from Rosmead, County Westmeath, and Editha Louisa Handcock, daughter of Richard Handcock, 4th Baron Castlemaine of Moydrum, County Westmeath.
The first Baron
Hercules’ grandfather was the colonial administrator, Sir Hercules George Robert Robinson, 1824-1897. The son of an Admiral, he was educated at Sandhurst and, after a spell in the Army, he was posted overseas as president of Montserrat, then lieutenant governor of St Kitts. He was knighted in 1859. He administered Hong Kong from 1859-1865 then was appointed governor of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In 1872 he became governor of New South Wales, Australia, and afterwards was involved with the cession of the Fiji Islands to Great Britain. He was briefly governor of New Zealand, and went to Southern African in 1880 as governor of the Cape Colony and High Commissioner in South Africa. He resigned in 1889 but was called back to the post in the mid-1890s, by which time he was in his 70s and not in the best of health. The title, Baron Rosmead of Rosmead, Westmeath and Tafelberg, South Africa, was created for him in August 1896. He left Southern Africa in 1897 and died a few months later.
The second Baron
Hercules’ father, Hercules Arthur Temple Robinson, was born in Ceylon and educated at Eton. His hobbies were hunting, shooting and cricket. After school he joined the military. The London Gazette, 24 February 1885, notes that he was appointed a Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion, Oxfordshire Light Infantry. He became a Major and then Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel in the 5th Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers, in Zululand in 1888 and in South Africa in 1900-01, as ADC (Aide de Camp) to Major-General Hutton. He became 2nd Baron Rosmead in 1897. (The title became extinct on his death in 1933.)
Hercules’ parents had married in 1891. They had three children: Edith Nora Florence, born in 1893 in Athlone; Hercules Edward Joseph, born in 1895 in Cork; and Nea Kathleen Elizabeth Clare born in 1898 in Colchester.
On the night of the 1901 census they were at Stella Lodge, Winkfield. Soon afterwards they moved to Ascot. Kelly’s Local Directories for 1903 and 1907 list them at Moorlands, South Ascot, which still exists.
The spring 1911 census recorded the family, without Hercules, at Wycombe Lodge, Bexhill-on-Sea. Hercules Senior’s profession is listed as a (Conservative) ‘peer of the United Kingdom’. Young Hercules was probably at school. He attended Eton, like his father before him, and he left in 1911.
It’s not known when the family purchased their house in Datchet, other than it was probably sometime between 1911 and 1914. Hercules gave his parents address as Datchet when he enlisted in 1914. They appear in local directories around 1915: Kelly’s Local Directory listed Lady Rosmead at Westfields, Eton Road, in 1915; Marshall’s Local Directory has them there in 1916.
From Canada to the Front Line
Rather than joining the military like his father and grandfather, Hercules moved to Canada where he worked as a rancher. Soon after the outbreak of war, he gave up his home and work and, on 23 September 1914, enlisted at Valcartier, Quebec. He listed his next of kin as Lord and Lady Rosmead, Westfields, Eton Road, Datchet.
Military records in Canada indicate that Hercules had spent some time in the Officers Training Corps in England, possibly during his time at Eton College. He joined the Canadian Cavalry, becoming Trooper 1980, 19th Alberta Dragoons in the 1st Canadian Divisional Cavalry Squadron. We know from his records that he was 19, single, and 5’9”
After training with the Alberta Dragoons, he was offered a commission and passed through the Staff College. At some time before January 1915, he had transferred to the British Infantry and was attached to the ‘Buffs’, the East Kent Regiment. His name was listed in the Datchet Roll of Honour in the Windsor & Eton Express on 9 January 1915. He became a 2nd Lieutenant in B Company, 8th (Service) Battalion, East Kent Regiment.
The 8th had been formed at Canterbury in September 1914 as part of Kitchener’s Third New Army (K3). They were under the command of the 72nd Brigade, 24th Division. The Long Long Trail website offers further information about the 24th Division here:
“The units of the 24th Division began to assemble in the area of Shoreham. Early days were somewhat chaotic, the new volunteers having very few trained officers and NCOs to command them, no organised billets or equipment. It was March 1915 before makeshift drab uniforms arrived and not until July before rifles were issued. The Division moved 19-23 June 1915 to Aldershot for final training. Lord Kitchener inspected the Division at Chobham ranges on 19 August and next day it was the turn of King George V. Orders were received on 19 August to move to France and the first units departed one week later. Concentration of the Division was completed in the area between Etaples and St Pol on 4 September.
The Battle of Loos
The 24th Division’s first experience was truly appalling. They had been in France for only a few days and had already endured a number of lengthy forced marches, when they were brought into the reserve for the British assault at Loos.
The Battle of Loos was the first large-scale British offensive action. Known as ‘The Big Push’, it involved six Divisions and was designed to support a French attack at the Third Battle of Artois. Although the battle opened before stocks of ammunition and artillery were in place, there was some success on the first day, 25 September, when the British attacked deep into enemy positions near Loos and Hulluch. The 24th Division was left too far behind to be a useful reinforcement on that first day but it was sent into action on 26 September and it suffered more than 4178 casualties for very little gain. This was the first time the British Army had used poison gas, and some of those casualties were British troops poisoned by their own gas.
Wounded in action
Hercules was one of those 4178 casualties. He died of his wounds on 26 September 1915, age 20. He was buried at Noeux-les-Mines Communal Cemetery, Pas de Calais, I.K.4. The cemetery was used by the Commonwealth forces (in succession to the French) from June 1915 to August 1917. The earlier burials were carried out by units and field ambulances. It contains 980 Commonwealth burials of the First World War. The inscription on his headstone reads: Looking to the great reunion.
News reaches Datchet
In November 1915, Datchet Parish Magazine reported: “It is with very real sorrow that the parish has heard of the death at the Front of Second Lieutenant, the Hon. Hercules Robinson, only son of Lord and Lady Rosmead. His career at Eton proved him to be a young man of great promise, and his personal charm secured many friend. At the beginning of the war he was in Canada, but he immediately gave up his work and home there, and enlisted in the Alberta contingent. After being trained with them, he was offered a Commission, and passed therough the Staff College before being attached to the Buffs. We offer our most sincere sympathy to Lady Rosmead and her family.”
Hercules was awarded the Victory and British medals and 15 Star.
Hercules’ elder sister, Nora, was married at St Mary’s Church, Datchet, in August 1917. During the war, Nora was working in a French hospital. She was married while she was home on leave. Her husband, Lieut T F Cope, RNAS, was a member of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Expedition to the South Pole. (In 1915, Tatler had announced Nora’s engagement to another soldier, George Montagu Parkin, 2nd North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. It’s possible that he, too, lost his life in WWI although further research is needed here.)
Lord and Lady Rosmead don’t appear to have stayed in the village long after Hercules’ death. They were not listed in the local directories for 1920. In 1919, Dod’s Parliamentary Companion listed a London address for Lord Rosmead, of 10 West Bolton Gardens, W5, but it wasn’t unusual to have a home in London and one in the country. When Lady Rosmead applied for her son’s medals in 1921, she gave her address as 24 St George’s Square, London SW1.
Datchet men at Loos
(We don’t yet know whether Lord and Lady Rosmead maintained any connections with Westmeath or whether they knew another Datchet soldier, Leslie Nugent, the grandson of the Earl of Westmeath.)